telephone numbers—Enclose area code in parentheses for both toll and toll-free calls. Do not include the 1. Use a hyphen to punctuate, not a period or a space: (716) 878-4000, (800) 555-1212.
theater—Not theatre, unless part of the official name of an organization: Studio Arena Theatre.
Theater District—in downtown Buffalo.
time—Use numerals, with zeros for even hours: The workshop will begin at 2:00 p.m. Abbreviations for divisions of the day (a.m., p.m.) are set in lowercase with periods. Separate time and division of day with a single space. Use noon (not 12:00 noon or 12:00 p.m.) and midnight (not 12:00 midnight or 12:00 a.m.). See a.m./p.m., noon, and midnight.
time zones—Lowercase, except for proper nouns: eastern standard time, central daylight time, Greenwich mean time. Capitalize abbreviations: EST, CDT, GMT.
titles, academic—In general, capitalize an academic title when it immediately precedes a personal name and thus is used as part of the name (24): SUNY Chancellor Kristina M. Johnson, Chancellor Johnson; Buffalo State President Katherine Conway-Turner, President Conway-Turner; Professor Roy Hinkley, Professor Hinkley. Lowercase a title when it stands alone, follows a name, or precedes a name but is used appositively, that is, as an identifier or occupational descriptor rather than as a title (especially when preceded by the or used with a modifier): Kristina M. Johnson, SUNY chancellor; the president of Buffalo State, Katherine Conway-Turner; Judith A. Smith, professor of fine arts; Harold Chasen, associate professor in the Psychology Department; assistant professor of music Michael Timmins. (See titles, courtesy; titles, military or civil; and honors, academic.)
titles, articles and features—Titles of articles and features in periodicals and newspapers, chapter titles, short-story titles, essays, and individual selections in books are set in roman type and enclosed in quotation marks: "Talk of the Town" in last week's New Yorker. The author cited "Maternal Behavior and Attitudes," chapter 14 in Human Development. (25)
titles, composition—Use title capitalization, also called headline style or title case. (See headline-style capitalization.)
Titles of books, magazines*, newspapers*, scholarly journals*, movies, television or radio series, plays, long poetic works, exhibitions, photographs, paintings, sculptures, other works of art, operas and other long musical compositions, and musical scores: the Christian Science Monitor, the New England Journal of Medicine, Picasso’s Guernica, Le Nozze di Figaro.
Set in quotation marks:
Titles of dissertations, theses, journal articles, chapters of books, short stories, poems, articles and features in periodicals and newspapers, song titles, specific radio programs and television shows within a series (single program or episode): PBS’s Masterpiece Theatre; episode 122 of Homicide: Life on the Street, “Forgive Us Our Trespasses”; National Public Radio’s Talk of the Nation, “Welfare Reform and Child Care.”
*Note: The article the in newspaper and periodical titles is set in roman type and, unless it begins a sentence, is lowercased: I read it in the New York Times. We’re running an ad in the Buffalo News. With book titles, lowercase and set in roman type a book’s edition: The Chicago Manual of Style, 14th edition.
titles, courtesy (Mr., Ms., Dr., etc.)—In general, courtesy titles are not used before names on first or subsequent references in Buffalo State publications. (See names.) Courtesy titles are sometimes used in special cases, e.g., a list of donors or a special invitation. When a degree is indicated, it follows the name on first reference: Judith A. Smith, Ph.D.; John Q. Jones, M.A. Do not use both a title and a degree:
Preferable: Judith A. Jones, Ph.D.
Acceptable: Dr. Judith A. Jones
Incorrect: Dr. Judith A. Jones, Ph.D.
titles, military or civil—In general, capitalize a military or civil title when it immediately precedes a personal name and is thus used as part of the name (26): New York Senator Kirsten E. Gillibrand, Senator Gillibrand; Buffalo Mayor Byron Brown, Mayor Brown; Prince Charles. Spell out and capitalize a military or civil title that precedes a surname alone: Chief Justice Roberts, Senator Schumer, Lieutenant Scheisskopf. Lowercase a title when used alone or in apposition to a name (especially when preceded by the or used with a modifier): John Roberts, chief justice of the United States; the mayor of Buffalo, Byron Brown. A civil or military title preceding a full name may be abbreviated, especially when space is limited: Brig. Gen. Thomas W. Hartmann, Gov. Andrew Cuomo. (See titles, courtesy; titles, academic; and honors, academic.)
toward (not towards)
trademark names—"Use a generic equivalent unless the trademark name is essential to the story. When a trademark name is used, capitalize it:" (27) Frisbee, Jacuzzi, Jet Ski, Ping Pong, Popsicle, Q-Tip, Rollerblade, Scotch Tape, Touch-Tone, Velcro. Eliminate TM and ® in running text. Dictionaries indicate registered trademark names.
transfer, transferred, transferring, transferable
travel, traveled, traveling
tropic of Cancer, tropic of Capricorn, but Tropics (plural)
(24) Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition (2003), 8.18
(25) Chicago Manual of Style, 14th edition (1993), 7.139
(26) Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition (2003), 8.21
(27) The Associated Press Stylebook and Briefing on Media Law (2000), p. 251
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